Where Do Fireflies Go in the Winter?

Fireflies are beautiful insects. Some people know them as lightning bugs. Fireflies, despite their name, are beetles, not flies. Its lower abdomen glows, which it uses to communicate and find companions. Also in North America he has more than 150 species of fireflies. They thrive in all types of climates, including harsh winters and scorching summers.

This article details where fireflies go in the winter and other fun facts!

common types of fireflies

There are 2,000 species of fireflies in the world. It is more conspicuous when lit and flickering on summer nights. Even though they flicker, each firefly has its own patterns and characteristics. Read on to discover the common types of fireflies and what makes each species special.

1. East Firefly

Common eastern fireflies are dark brown with bright orange markings.

©iStock.com/Erik Agar

Photinus pyralis, also known as the common oriental firefly, is a small beetle that is the most common firefly in North America. Communicate with light patterns, especially when searching for a mate. The male flashes flashing lights towards the female and responds slowly. Adults often grow up to 15mm. They are dark brown with bright orange markings. Common eastern fireflies feed on pollen, snails, and slugs.

2. Luciola Subtriata

Luciola substriata is a type of firefly found in India, Taiwan, China, and parts of Japan. These fireflies are short-bodied and grow up to 10.5 mm in length. Female Luciola substriata fireflies are larger than males. Their bodies are yellow-orange, and their heads and eyes are dark brown. A firefly that lives in swamps and marshes. They are rarely seen before the end of the year, but can be seen from April through December.

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3. Synchronized firefly

Synchronous fireflies are a species of firefly found in the Great Smoky Mountains National Park. In large groups, synchronize light patterns.their scientific name is Photinus carolinusDuring the two weeks between May and June they mate. Every few seconds the light will flash multiple times. It is such a spectacular sight that thousands of people visit the park to see its spectacular exhibits.

4. Phausis reticulata

Phausis reticulata, also known as the blue ghost, is a common firefly species in the eastern and central United States. Unlike other fireflies, this species glows bluish-white. The closer you are to the blue firefly, the brighter green it glows. They are all brown and have big eyes. Interestingly, only male Ao Oni fireflies have wings. Females are wingless and remain larvae. During mating season, male fireflies search for females in warm, moist forests.

5. Shadow Ghost Firefly

The shadow ghost firefly belongs to the Lampyridae family. They are native to North America. These fireflies thrive in warm, humid areas. Only female shadow ghost fireflies emit light. They also spend their entire lives in larval-like bodies. Adult male Shadow Her Ghost Her firefly has wings but no lantern. The scientific name for this species is Phausis inaccensa. Although common in the United States, they are rarely seen and undocumented.

What do fireflies do in winter?

fire Fly
Fireflies hibernate in the ground as larvae and hibernate under the warm, thick bark of trees.

© Fel Gregory/Shutterstock.com

Fireflies that live in mild winters can survive all winter. However, fireflies have an average lifespan of 2 months. Fireflies, which live in harsh winters and cold climates, die in winter. It turns out that cold and subzero temperatures are too hot. However, fireflies hibernate as larvae underground or under warm, thick bark. They wake up and appear in the spring.

Is it good to keep fireflies in your garden?

If you see fireflies dazzling the sky in your garden, this is a good sign that your yard or garden is healthy. They prefer damp and standing water. As such, many of them live in streams and marshes. If you want to increase the number of fireflies in your garden, you can install a water facility. Small bird baths and fountains increase the moisture in the air and provide a water source. Another idea is to remove unwanted light. These fireflies are nocturnal and produce their own light, so too much light deters these fireflies.

Trivia about fireflies

  • Fireflies are neither flies nor insects. they are beetles.
  • Not all fireflies emit light. Some are active during the day.
  • Some species are toxic to animals and should not be grilled, cooked or eaten.
  • At night, there are fewer fireflies due to light pollution.
  • Fireflies are difficult to document due to their high numbers.
  • Some scientists believe there are still firefly species that we don’t know about yet.
  • They are nice and efficient light sources, but not heat sources. If it gets hot like a light bulb, it won’t survive.
  • In the United States, most West Coast fireflies do not glow.
  • They are adults only for two months.


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